From authoritarian rule toward democratic governance: Learning from political leaders
Publicado el lunes 6, abril 2015
Artículo para International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)
Abraham F. Lowenthal and Sergio Bitar
International IDEA is pleased to present From Authoritarian Rule Toward Democratic Governance: Learning from Political Leaders. This essay by Professor Abraham F. Lowenthal and Senator Sergio Bitar distils the principal conclusions they drew from interviews they conducted with 13 prominent political figures who played leading roles in helping to end autocracies and to craft democracy in nine different countries on five continents. Commissioned by International IDEA, at the initiative of my predecessor Mr Vidar Helgesen, these interviews shed fascinating light on how repressive regimes were ended and democracies took hold. The leaders interviewed were Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil, Patricio Aylwin and Ricardo Lagos of Chile, John Kufuor and Jerry Rawlings of Ghana, B. J. Habibie of Indonesia, Ernesto Zedillo of Mexico, Fidel V. Ramos of the Philippines, Aleksander Kwasniewski and Tadeusz Mazowiecki of Poland, F. W. de Klerk and Thabo Mbeki of South Africa, and Felipe González of Spain.